Dill is an annual herb native to the Central Asia, it is also widely grown in Europe and Northern Africa for its culinary and medicinal use. Dill weed, dried leaves of the same plant is also used for flavoring. It is milder in taste when compared to dill seed.
Indian Name : Sowa / Suva
Botanical Name : Anethum graveolens
Family Name : Apiaceae
Parts Used : Seeds
Habitat : South west and Central Asia
Origin of Dill Seeds
Dill seeds are originated in Central Asia. It is however is also grown in large quantity in Egypt and Mediterranean countries or Eastern Europe. It is also getting popular in North America. It's related species Sowa is grown in India whose fruits are larger but less fragrant.
Description Of Dill Seed
Dill seed brown in color. It is oval shaped seed with with one side flat having two ridges. The other side of the dill seed is convex. The convex side has three ridges and three oil channels. The size of the seed is around 5 mm (0.15 in). The leaves and stalks of the dill seed is aromatic. They are used for pickling. The flavor of the seed is slightly bitter which is similar to caraway
Dillseed and the leaves contains essential oils but the oils from both the sources are not the same. The oil content of the leaves include carvone, limonene, phellandren and monoterpenes that decides aroma whereas the fruit oil consist of carvone, limonene and other monoterpenes. Indian dill consistb of phenylpropanoid dill apiole (6-allyl-4,4-dimethoxy-1,3-benzodioxol).
Form of Dill Seeds
Whole Dill Seeds
Grounded Dill Seeds
Trade in Dill
India and Pakistan are the major dill production areas, Egypt, Fiji, Mexico, Netherland, United States, England, Hungary are other commercially productive areas, making small contributions to the world production.
India is the leading producer of dill seed and its derivatives. The exports of the essential oil and seeds have grown over the past five years. India supplies whole and powdered spice to various European countries.